Galatians 3:6-14 Exegetical Outline

As an example of what an exegetical outline looks like, here is one I created for Galatians 3:6-14. It does have a lot of detail, but the benefit is that every clause can be understood on its own and relative to the other parts of the paragraph. Normally I would follow Harvard style numbering (I, A, 1, etc.), but limitations of the Markdown syntax required that I simply use numbers. The structure is still clear, I think.

Exegetical Outline for Galatians 3:6-14

  1. The basis for a proper relationship to God is through connection to Abraham which is achieved through justification by faith which results in blessing. (6-9)
    1. The relationship a person has with God is based on Abraham’s relationship to God which is itself based on justification through faith. (6-7)
      1. The reason that those justified by faith are Abraham’s sons is that God declared Abraham righteous because of his faith. (6)
      2. A person’s descent from Abraham and thus connection to God is based upon justification by faith. (7)
    2. Justification of the Gentiles by faith in Jesus was announced by God previously to Abraham. (8)
      1. The reason that God announced the good news of Jesus to Abraham beforehand was that he knew he would justify the Gentiles by faith. (8a)
      2. The pronouncement to Abraham concerning the Gentiles receiving blessing in him was a pronouncement of the good news about Jesus. (8b)
    3. The conclusion drawn from the connection to Abraham through faith and the announcement to Abraham of God’s plan to justify the Gentiles is that those who are justified by faith are blessed to the same extent as Abraham. (9)
  2. The redemption Christ brought through his death on the cross redeemed humanity from the curse of the Law so that the blessing of the Spirit might be given to all. (10-14)
    1. Reliance upon the Law only brings a curse because no one is justified before God by the Law which is the testimony of the Scripture itself. (10-11)
      1. A person’s status as cursed by God comes from reliance upon works of the Law for justification. (10a)
      2. The reason that reliance upon works of the Law brings a curse is the Law’s assertion that incomplete obedience of the Law brings a curse. (10b)
      3. The clear teaching of the Law is that no one is justified before God by the Law. (11a)
      4. The reason that no one is justified before God is Scripture’s assertion that the one righteous by faith will live. (11b)
    2. The fundamental nature of Law is not faith but obedience which results in consistent failure of its commands. (12)
      1. The fundamental assertion of the Law is not justification based on faith. (12a)
      2. The fundamental assertion of the Law is obedience to its commands. (12b)
    3. The redemption of humanity from God’s judgment came through Christ’s death on the cross which was punishment for disobedience to the Law. (13)
      1. Rescue for humanity from the punishment the Law required was achieved through the redemption Christ brought. (13a)
      2. The means by which Christ redeemed humanity from the curse of the Law was by taking on himself the punishment of the Law. (13b)
      3. The grounds for the claim that Christ took on the punishment of the Law is Scripture’s assertion that those hung upon a tree are cursed. (13c)
    4. The purpose of Christ’s redemption of humanity from the punishment of the Law was to extend the reception of the Spirit, Abraham’s blessing, to all by faith. (14)
      1. The purpose for Christ’s redemption of humanity from the curse of the Law was that the blessing of Abraham in Christ might extend to all the nations. (14a)
      2. The purpose for Christ’s redemption of humanity from the curse of the Law was that all would receive the Spirit by means of faith. (14b)